Erectile dysfunction (ED) affects a wide group of men and increases with age. A 2018 study report by the National Centre for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) showed that erectile dysfunction affects one-third of men globally, while another 2019 review by BJU International indicated the prevalence of ED to be between 3% and 76.5%, globally. This condition is not limited to older male adults, it affects young men as well. In this guide, we will put you through everything you need to know about erectile dysfunction and the feasible treatment options.
What Is Erectile Dysfunction (ED)?
Erectile dysfunction is a common sexual condition that stems from the inability of a man to have or sustain an erection during sexual stimulation or intercourse. This term can be also referred to as impotence, though not often used. A large number of men experience ED occasionally resulting from physical and emotional factors like stress and fatigue. In this case, erectile dysfunction lingers for a short while and then vanishes once the individual is fully rested.
However, it calls for alarm when erectile dysfunction becomes frequent and long-lasting. You may have to contact your doctor and discuss such prevailing sexual conditions immediately. In some cases, seeing a therapist would be a better call, especially if the source of the condition is emotional.
How Does An Erection Work?
During an erection, the penis becomes enlarged and hard as a result of the inflow of blood into the penile arteries. Se.xual fantasies or direct contact with the penis can trigger an erection, in which the muscles in the penis relax, allowing increased blood flow to fill up the two chambers inside the penis. The more blood flows into the chamber, the more rigid the penis becomes.
An erection subsides as soon as the muscles contract and stored blood in the chambers flows out. Unfortunately, erectile dysfunction can occur in any phase of the erection process.
Erectile Dysfunction Causes
Erectile dysfunction may have underlying causes that centres around health issues, emotional destabilization, or a combination of both areas. Here are some of the risk factors worth considering:
- Lack of exercise
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol
- Cardiovascular disease
- Excess alcohol or drug intake
Although a lot of men experience erectile dysfunction as they grow older, it does not ascertain that age is a mandatory cause of all ED cases. There are older adults with active and interesting sex lives. However, if you experience ED, then you may have to look out for more serious health problems and possible medical treatments. You can treat ED in the UK – one of the best medical places in the world and home to Numan, a top-notch clinic that offers the best online medical assistance.
Erectile Dysfunction Treatment
The first step to take in treating erectile dysfunction is to ensure that your heart and vascular health is in perfect condition. ED treatment may require medication, talk therapy, or both combinations, depending on the condition. Your doctor will provide you with the best-prescribed medication that will treat ED symptoms. Treatments may include:
- Oral prescription drugs belonging to a class of phosphodiesterase type-5 inhibitors (PDE type-5). Some of these drugs include Sildenafil (Viagra), Avanafil (Stendra), Tadalafil (Cialis), and Vardenafil (Staxyn and Levitra).
- Penile injections (Alprostadil, ICI)
- Testosterone therapy
- Penile implants
- Vacuum Erection Devices
- Intraurethral medication (Alprostadil, IU)
Some side-effects you may experience include headache, indigestion, muscle aches, redness of the skin, and stuffy nose. If the effects are severe and long-lasting, seek medical attention immediately.