Did you know that CBD oils contain more than just cannabidiol? Depending on the type of CBD hemp oil, these products can contain other cannabinoids and even a little THC.
Before we look at what other cannabinoids are present in CBD hemp oils, it’s necessary to differentiate between the various types of CBD oils.
Different Types of CBD Oils
There are three different types of CBD hemp oils available on the market today;
- Full-Spectrum CBD oil
- Broad-Spectrum CBD oil
- CBD Isolate
Let’s take a closer look at each type and discuss the main differences between these different types of CBD hemp oils.
Full-Spectrum CBD Oil
Full-spectrum CBD oils contain compounds derived from the whole hemp plant during the extraction process. The final product contains all of the cannabinoids that were present in the raw plant material, as well as a number of terpenes.
The most important thing to note about full-spectrum CBD oils is that they can contain up to 0.3% THC, which is the maximum legal limit under federal law.
Broad-Spectrum CBD Oil
The main difference between full-spectrum CBD oils and broad-spectrum ones is that the latter has all of the THC removed during processing.
Typically, broad-spectrum CBD hemp oils are favored by those who want the benefits that the whole hemp plant can offer but want to avoid consuming THC.
A CBD isolate has all other cannabinoids and terpenes removed during processing. The finished product is pure CBD in a fine, white powder form.
This type of CBD oil is perfect for those looking specifically to benefit from cannabidiol’s effects alone.
What Other Cannabinoids are there in CBD Hemp Oils?
We just mentioned that a CBD isolate only contains cannabidiol. So, now let’s take a look at some of the main cannabinoids present in full and broad-spectrum CBD hemp oils.
As mentioned, a broad-spectrum CBD oil has all of its THC content removed. However, a full-spectrum CBD oil contains a small amount of THC.
THC is the intoxicating compound in marijuana that causes consumers to become ‘high.’
There are also low levels of THC in the hemp plant, which is why hemp growers have to meet rigorous farming standards to ensure that their crop does not breach the maximum level allowed under federal law, which is 0.3% by dry weight.
Cannabigerol, or CBG for short, is sometimes referred to as the ‘mother of all cannabinoids.’ It gets this label because, like CBG, several other cannabinoids are formed from cannabigerolic acid (CBGA) during the decarboxylation process.
Cannabinol (CBN) is a cannabinoid commonly found in CBD hemp oils. CBN forms when THC degrades due to environmental factors such as heat and light. Unlike THC, however, CBN is not known for having intoxicating effects.
Cannabichromene (CBC) is another cannabinoid that is formed from CBGA. During the decarboxylation process, CBGA converts first into CBCA – CBC’s acidic precursor, and then after exposure to heat or UV light, ultimately into CBC.
CBC is a non-intoxicating cannabinoid, so it does not cause users to become high after consuming it.
Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV) is one of the main cannabinoids found in both full and broad-spectrum CBD oils. Unlike THC, however, it does not have intoxicating properties.
How Can I Find Out What Cannabinoids there are in CBD Oils?
If you want to buy a CBD tincture but would like to know what other cannabinoids it contains, then take a look at the accompanying lab report for that particular product.
Most leading CBD brands provide lab test results, i.e., certificates of analysis, on the product page or elsewhere on their website. As well as testing for impurities, such as pesticides, bacteria, and mold, many CBD brands will have their CBD hemp oils tested to verify their cannabinoid content.
Typically, the COA displays all of the cannabinoids that are present in the CBD oil and shows what percentage and milligram amount of a particular cannabinoid was found in the tested product.
What Other Cannabinoids are there in CBD Oils? – Final Thoughts
The key things to remember are that not all CBD hemp oils contain other cannabinoids. A CBD isolate only contains CBD. It does not contain any other cannabinoids or any other hemp plant compound, for that matter.
Broad-spectrum CBD oils do not contain any THC, while full-spectrum CBD hemp oils do. However, both types of CBD hemp oils contain several other cannabinoids and terpenes.
To be certain about what other cannabinoids there are in a specific CBD oil, have a look at the accompanying COA for that particular product.